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Kölner Studien zur Prähistorischen Archäologie

Lee Clare:
Culture change and continuity in the Eastern Mediterranean during Rapid Climate Change. Assessing the vulnerability of Late Neolithic communities to a “Little Ice Age” in the seventh millennium cal B.C.
Kölner Studien zur Prähistorischen Archäologie 7, 2016.

As we now know, the 8.2 calBp event is embedded within a much longer interval of Rapid Climate Change (RCC) which began at 8.6 ka calBP and lasted for some six centuries. Lee Clare has collected an extensive pool of data, thus contributing to a better understanding of underlying social and biophysical causes and consequences of this particular (RCC) climate event. For the first time he has developed a broad, comprehensive scenario which summarises historical developments preceding, accompanying and following the climate event in question for Anatolia and the Levant. it follows that the 7th millennium calBC appears now as an age of crisis, instability and demographic fluctuation, yet at the same time also as an age of unprecedented cultural creativity and innovation. Download Inhaltsverzeichnis

Hardcover | 269 pages with 97 illustrations and 23 tables | Size: 21.0 x 29.7 cm | Price: 49,80 € | ISBN: 978-3-86757-367-2 | Publisher: VML Verlag Marie Leidorf GmbH

Inga Kretschmer:
Demographische Untersuchungen zu Bevölkerungsdichten, Mobilität und Landnutzungsmustern im späten Jungpaläolithikum
Kölner Studien zur Prähistorischen Archäologie 6, 2015.

Im späten Jungpaläolithikum spielte sich eine der größten demographischen Umwälzungen des Eiszeitalters ab: die Wiederbesiedlung Mitteleuropas durch das Magdalénien. Während des letztglazialen Kältemaximums vor 20.000 Jahren hatte sich Mitteleuropa weitgehend entvölkert. Nur ganz wenige Fundplätze sind aus dieser Zeit nördlich der Alpen bekannt. Die Menschen müssen diese Zeit in Refugien überlebt haben, die wohl in Westeuropa und teilweise auch in Südosteuropa gelegen haben dürften. Einige tausend Jahre später erstreckt sich die kulturelle Einheit des Magdalénien über ganz West- und Mitteleuropa und ist durch weit mehr als 1500 Fundplätze bezeugt. Inga Kretschmer gelingt es zum ersten mal, diese Entwicklung detailliert nachzuzeichnen und die dazu gehörigen Bevölkerungsgrößen abzuschätzen. Zugleich ist mit den umfangreichen Katalogen und dem vielfältigen Kartenmaterial ein einzigartiges Standardwerk über das gesamte Magdalénien entstanden. Download Inhaltsverzeichnis

Hardcover | 368 pages with 90 illustrations, 28 tables and 39 maps | Size: 21.0 x 29.7 cm | Price: 54,80 € | ISBN: 978-3-86757-366-5 | Publisher: VML Verlag Marie Leidorf GmbH

Daniel Schyle & Jürgen Richter (eds.):
Pleistocene Archaeology of the Petra Area in Jordan
With contributions by Manuel Bertrams, Thomas C. Hauck, Shumon T. Hussain, Karin Kindermann, Jürgen Richter, Daniel Schyle and Thomas Wolter
Kölner Studien zur Prähistorischen Archäologie 5, 2015.

Since 2009, annual field campaigns led a multidisciplinary “CRC 806” team from Cologne and Aachen to the Wadi Sabra, south of the Nabataean capital of Petra in the Kingdom of Jordan.
At the Wadi Sabra, the team found long sediment records covering the transition from the Middle Palaeolithic to the Upper Palaeolithic and the whole of the Upper Palaeolithic era.
The present volume compiles all excavation reports from the first project phase (2009–2013) thus focusing on the descriptive presentation of the excavation plans, sections, lithic assemblages, and faunal inventories. Complementary information about the geological setting, the sedimentation history and its interpretation in terms of climate history is also given. Download Table of Contents and Chapter XIV

Hardcover | 457 pages with 171 illustrations, 131 tables and 65 plates | Size: 21.0 x 29.7 cm | Price: 49,80 € | ISBN: 978-3-86757-365-8 | Publisher: VML Verlag Marie Leidorf GmbH

Thomas C. Hauck:
The Mousterian Sequence of Hummal (Syria)
Kölner Studien zur Prähistorischen Archäologie 4, 2013.

A sequence of more than 60 Palaeolithic cultural layers makes the site of Hummal in the arid steppe region of El Kowm [Central Syria], that has been investigated since 2002, a very important site. Since about one million years ago, humans repeatedly occupied the area of the spring during a range of environmental conditions. This study deals with the upper most part of a sequence of more than 30 Mousterian strata. While organic remains such as animal bones are badly preserved and therefore rare, the stone artefacts provide rich material for a techno-typological analysis. Herds of grazing wild animals such as horses, gazelles, ostriches, and camels gathered at the waterhole in the course of their annual migrations and were hunted by humans. Additionally, the site had ready access to high-quality flint. The presence, absence, relative frequency, and size of certain artefact types such as cores, cortical flakes, and tools allow the reconstruction of different supply strategies. For obtaining standardised blanks, two variants of the Levallois method were applied. They served for the production of different tools in the course of time. Download Summary

Hardcover | 266 pages with 152 illustrations and 69 tables | Size: 21.0 x 29.7 cm | Price: 54.80 € | ISBN: 978-3-86757-364-1 | Publisher: VML Verlag Marie Leidorf GmbH

Yuri E. Demidenko & Thorsten Uthmeier (ed.):
Kiik-Koba Grotto, Crimea [Ukraine]. Re-Analysis of a Key Site of the Crimean Micoquian
Kölner Studien zur Prähistorischen Archäologie 3, 2013.

This book is an offshoot of the international Ukrainian-German research programme on “Functional variability in the Late Middle Palaeolithic of Crimea Peninsula, Ukraine” undertaken by the Crimean branch of the Ukrainian Academy of Science and the University of Cologne. This volume presents one of several complexes from earlier excavations now re-analysed for publication. Kiik-Koba Grotto is famous for its Neanderthal burials published with special attention to Neanderthal hands in G. A. Bonch-Osmolowski’s excavation report. The present volume contains preface, introduction and eight chapters. It starts with an appreciation of Bonch-Osmolowski, the history of investigations, and new analytic approaches to the Kiik-Koba Micoquian flint artefacts. Next are techno-typological data and reduction models of the Micoquian flint artefacts from layer IV. Chapter V deals with the original assemblage of this layer and the Crimean Micoquian in general. Attention is also paid to bone retouchers from the upper layer of Kiik-Koba Grotto and to the zooarchaeological analysis of the large mammalian fauna from layer IV. Ultimately there is an overview of the re-analyses of Micoquian layer IV at Kiik-Koba Grotto. Download TOC & Summary

Hardcover | 281 pages with 65 illustrations and 33 tables | Size: 21.0 x 29.7 cm | Price: 49.80 € | ISBN: 978-3-86757-363-4 | Publisher: Verlag Marie Leidorf

Jürgen Richter (ed.):
Rietberg und Salzkotten-Thüle. Anfang und Ende der Federmessergruppen in Westfalen
Kölner Studien zur Prähistorischen Archäologie 2, 2012.

The sites of Rietberg in a bend of the River Ems and Salzkotten-Thüle west of Paderborn represent the earliest and latest phases of the Federmesser Culture [Azilian] in Westphalia. Rietberg sites 1, 2, and 5 were excavated in 1974 and 1999-2000 and dated into the early Allerød around 14,000 calBP. No. 1 was the camp of a group of hunters and included a possible dwelling, no. 2 contained a small concentration of artefacts which had been produced during a short stay for the repair of hunting weapons. Camp site no. 5 consisted of several diffuse concentrations of artefacts in connection with pits for processing food. Salzkotten-Thüle was discovered in 2001 and had one main concentration of artefacts that might have represented a dwelling, as well as a smaller accumulation of finds that had to do with several hearths. There is evidence for the dismembering of animals and working of hides. The place is considered a “residential camp” of a highly mobile group of hunters and foragers of the middle or late Allerød before 13,800 calBC. On selected finds of both sites micro-wear analyses were carried out, to the result of hide and wood working and use as projectiles. Download TOC & Summary

Text in German with summaries in English and French

Hardcover | 302 pages with 203 illustrations, 49 tables and 5 plates | Size: 21.0 x 29.7 cm | Price: 64.80 € | ISBN: 978-3-86757-362-7 | Publisher: Verlag Marie Leidorf

Universitätsforschungen zur Prähistorischen Archäologie

Dirk Leder:
Technological and Typological Change at the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic Boundary in Lebanon
Universtitätsforschungen zur Prähistorischen Archäologie 255, 2014.

Since 2009 the Collaborative Research Centre (CRC 806) “Our Way to Europe – Culture-Environment Interaction and human Mobility in the Late Quaternary” has investigated the origin and dispersal of early modern humans from Africa to Eurasia. A couple of projects has focused on the Middle East, the Balkan Peninsula and the Carpathic Basin, thus following one possible pathway of human migration about 50,000 to 30,000 years ago. From the archaeological point of view, this is the time when the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic “transition” (or rather the boundary between the two eras?) occurred.

When Dirk Leder came up with the idea to investigate this crucial time range with a focus on southern Lebanon the Research Centre immediately accepted the author’s plan as a dissertation project. Dirk Leder’s work is based on his own studies in Beirut, London, Basel and Cologne, of all important archaeological inventories available. As a pioneering work, the present volume delivers new, first-hand information from sites which were previously poorly known. Download Summary & TOC

Paperback | 258 pages, 40 figures, 50 plates and 147 tables | Size: 21.0 x 29.7 cm | Price: 59 € | ISBN: 978-3-7749-3919-6 | Publisher: Verlag Rudolf Habelt

Valéry Sitlivy, Aleksandra Zięba, Krzysztof Sobczyk and Alexandr Kolesnik: The Middle-to-Upper Palaeolithic Księcia Józefa open-air Site (Krakow, Poland):
Lithic Technology and Spatial Distribution
Universitätsforschungen zur prähistorischen Archäologie 250, 2014.

The Ksieza Josefa open-air site in Krakow illustrates the time of the latest Middle Palaeolithic and the Earliest Upper Palaeolithic around 40,000 years ago in Southern Poland. Throughout the whole sequence, human activities are dominated by the production of stone artefacts which is documented at unique preservation and high spatial resolution allowing for intensive refitting of the silex nodules exploited. If, at the lower occupation surface, every single nodule was really exploited by one (Neanderthal) person at one time, then there are dozens of episodes representing a wide variety of technical recipies applied by different craftsmen or craftswomen. In the upper layers, lithic recipies changed into patterns usually known as "Upper Palaeolithic" ones; herein, typologically indicative tools are, however, missing.
The authors opened up one of the most detailed windows into the technological and spatial behaviour at a "time of transition". This "time of transition" saw the replacement of the latest Neanderthals by the earliest modern humans in Europe – one of the major topics of the Cologne-Bonn-Aachen CRC 806. Download TOC and Conclusion

Paperback | 556 pages with 945 illustrations and numerous tables | Size: 21.0 x 29.7 cm | Price: 119 € | ISBN: 978-3-7749-3894-6 | Publisher: Verlag Rudolf Habelt

Shumon T. Hussain:
Versuch einer Evolutionären Anthropologie der Empathie
Universtitätsforschungen zur Prähistorischen Archäologie 239, 2013.

What does it mean to be human? This key question forms the starting point of the present work. How can the specific evolutionary pathway which led to the genesis of modern humans differentiated from other trajectories, especially those which led to the extinction of our evolutionary relatives such as Neanderthals? The hallmark of the unique capability of social cognition is a special way of empathizing with others and with the world. Our empathic constitution is much more elaborated than in non-human primates, Neanderthals or other beings, which evolution has brought to life during the course of earth’s history. Higher empathy and its characteristic recursive mind reading abilities which enable us to competently understand and interpret others in their actions, emotions and mental states, raises man to modern man. Only this cognitive modernity is the primary thread in fabric of being human. Man is and has always been primarily empathetic: Homo empathicus. Download Summary & TOC Text in German with summaries in English and French

Paperback | 132 pages with 41 illustrations | Size: 21.0 x 29.7 cm | Price: 51 € | ISBN: 978-3-7749-3865-6 | Publisher: Verlag Rudolf Habelt

Katsuhiro Sano:
Functional Variability in the Late Upper Palaeolithic of North-Western Europe - A Traceological Approach
Universitätsforschungen zur prähistorischen Archäologie 219, 2012.

Functional Variability in the Late Upper Palaeolithic of North-Western Europe" – the thesis of Katsuhiro Sano was published in December 2012 as volume 219 within the series "Universitätsforschungen zur Prähistorischen Archäologie". It presents use wear analyses of lithic artefacts from some Magdalenian sites in Western Europe which might have belonged to one and the same regional Magdalenian group, regularly migrating between the Meuse and the Middle Rhine river valleys. This study makes visible a regional pattern which must have played an important role within the process of Magdalenian resettlement of North-Western Europe after the second glacial maximum and which probably represented different seasonal and functional situations within a system of hunter-gatherer annual mobility. Thus, this dissertation written at the Institute of Prehistory Archaeology of the University of Cologne has made a considerable contribution to one of the principal topics of CRC 806 „Our Way to Europe. Download TOC

Paperback | 343 pages with 178 illustrations and 47 tables | Size: 21.0 x 29.7 cm | Price: 67 € | ISBN: 978-3-7749-3817-5 | Publisher: Verlag Rudolf Habelt

Quaternary International

Jürgen Richter, Martin Melles and Frank Schäbitz (ed.):
Temporal and spatial corridors of Homo sapiens sapiens population dynamics during the Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene
Quaternary International 274, 2012.

Temporal and spatial corridors of Homo sapiens sapiens population dynamics during the Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene" – this is the title of a special issue published by Quaternary International as Volume 274 in November 2012. Under the guest editorship of Jürgen Richter, Martin Melles and Frank Schäbitz, 18 contributions with altogether 83 authors present first results of the Collaborative Research Centre (CRC) 806.

Paperback | 272 pages with many illustrations | Size: 21.0 x 29.7 cm | Price: 51 € | Online:

Palaeolithic Sites if Crimea

Palaeolithic Sites of Crimea 1: KABAZI II: Last Interglacial Occupation, Environment & Subsistence
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Palaeolithic Sites of Crimea 2: KABAZI II: The 70.000 Years Since The Last Interglacial
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Palaeolithic Sites of Crimea 3.1: KABAZI V: Interstratification Of Micoquian & Levallois - Mousterian Camp Sites
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Palaeolithic Sites of Crimea 3.2: KABAZI V: Interstratification Of Micoquian & Levallois - Mousterian Camp Sites
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