Project A1

Climatic Change and Human Settlement between the Nile Valley and the Central Sahara


Project Leaders:

Dr. Rudolph  Kuper 
Forschungsstelle Afrika
Jennerstr. 8
D - 50823 Köln

 0221 / 556680
 0221 / 554440
 0221/ 5502303


Prof. Dr. Olaf Bubenzer
Department of Geography
University of Heidelberg
Im Neuenheimer Feld 348
D-69120 Heidelberg

 +49 (0)6221-54-4595
 +49 (0)6221-54-4997



Prof. Dr. Helga Besler
Dr. Hala Barakat
Karin Kindermann M.A.
Dr. Stefan Kröpelin
Jörg Linstädter M.A.
Dipl.-Geogr. Stefanie Nußbaum
Heiko Riemer M.A.


Research Area:

Egypt (Map), Libya



ACACIA field reports 2002-2006 (subprojects A1 and E3)

Egyptian Limestone Plateau:
Prehistoric links between the Desert and the Nile

Landscape and prehistoric land use in the Gilf Kebir
(Southwest Egypt)

The Archaeology of Regenfeld, Great Sand Sea of Egypt

The Abu Gerara Survey connecting Dakhla and Djara

New Results about the Clayton Rings - Earliest Desert Travellers in North-East Africa

A Prehistoric Game Trap in the Great Sand Sea of Egypt

Khartoum-styled pottery in Egypt

NEAPPO - North East African Prehistoric Pottery

Project-Cooperation (E1)




Following the results of the long term interdisciplinary project "B.O.S." (Settlement History of the Eastern Sahara) further and more detailed research is to be carried out in the Northern Libyan Desert.

The sub-project focuses on the beginning and spread of food-producing economies, the general question of mono- or polycentric development of neolithic phenomena and the relevance of these processes for the beginning and rise of Egyptian civilization. Since the ecological setting for man's activities in the area can be divided into three larger environmental zones by the summer rains in the North, winter rains in the South and the Nile Valley in the East, the study of regional climatic development is a necessary prerequisite for understanding the historical development and the possible role and range of interregional contacts. In this regard a detailed regional chronology has to be worked out on the basis of geomorphological- sedimentological analyses as well as of archaeological excavations including palaeobotany and archaeozoology.

Within the general theme of the SFB - man and environment - this sub-project focuses on the earliest level of relevant interdependence between economic/social life and environmental conditions, investigates the transition to productive economy, and thus tries to record an initial stage in the cultural change, obviously starting in the North and affecting the South of the continent some millennia later.

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