The whole book for free download.
With this research I don't want to gain any surplus values. My research as a university professor was funded by taxes and therefore I feel especially in this case obliged to make an free access available.
You can download parts of the book for specific use. I recommend in these cases Chapter 1 and the References as supplements.
Chapter 1 explains important basic concepts. They provide a concise introduction to the definition of capital, forms of capital, and surplus values. Building on this, it is then possible for the reader to directly move on to any one of the following chapters.
Chapter 2 explores economic capital. This chapter seeks to show that there are different forms of surplus value in capitalism that systematically complement one another. This chapter is especially interesting as an introductory portal for those readers who wish to grasp a grounded derivation of the forms of surplus value in economic capital. This is only possible if economic terminology is re- and deconstructed, and involves a certain effort of theoretical comprehension.
Chapter 3 focuses on social capital. It represents more than just collective binding forces in society; in today’s capitalism, it also manifests forms of selection, demarcation and the realization of opportunity via networking. In particular, I discuss positionings in social space and mechanisms of the formation of social groups, with an eye to strategies of surplus value. I show that this form of capital has powerfully penetrated current life worlds and constitutes a linking element for all forms of capital.
Chapter 4 analyzes cultural capital. Cultural capital in capitalism is hugely multifaceted, but a glance at the surplus values of this form of capital also reveals that profits springing from cultural capital are not always easy to realize. In Bourdieu, education is still largely part of cultural capital, but there are in the meantime sufficient reasons to attribute only a portion of this to cultural capital, and for another segment to propose a new and relatively delimited field, what I term learning capital.
Chapter 5 introduces body capital as a new form of capital. It is becoming ever clearer that the body is increasingly assuming the form of a commodity that can be bought and sold. Investment in the body reveals expected surplus values that can be described. Conversely, the bodies of those persons who are excluded from capitalizable forms because they are deemed “worthless,” ugly or handicapped show how powerfully capitalization still operates even among those who basically present a counter-image.
Chapter 6 centers on learning capital, for me a very important form of capital that today operates between the other forms to strengthen or equalize boundaries. Although learning capital overlaps significantly with cultural capital, in my argumentation it stands as the final form of capital in order to make interaction and reciprocal effects between these forms more comprehensible. With equalization through learning capital, so my thesis, the opportunities of all can be better ensured socially. This form of capital entails the possibility of intervention by the state, employing laws and regulations grounded on enhancing fair equity of opportunity in order to facilitate as great a level of adequate participation by all in democracy. A glance at the history of learning shows that the origin of this form of capital was always already burdened by the other capital forms and remains so today. It also points up that even under capitalism in different countries, the opportunities inherent to this form of capital are utilized in very different ways. I discuss in special detail the resulting social and individual consequences of this.
Chapter 7 discusses briefly the various forms of capital in their interaction. Even if economic capital appears especially powerful in this web of interactions, the circular movements of other forms of capital point at the same time to relative spaces for possibility and degrees of freedom that arise by cooperation and through counter-movements, contradictions and ambivalences. The chapter concludes with thoughts on the relation between capital and democracy..